Archive for June, 2011

1460

Birth of Cecily Bonville, only child of Katheryn Nevill and William Bonville lord Harrington. She was six months old when her father was killed at the battle of Wakefield.

Cecily married Thomas Grey marquis of Dorest, son of Elizabeth Wydeville by her first marriage.

1509

Death of Margaret Beaufort, mother of king Henry VII of England.

1461

Edward IV is crowned king of England. His brother George is made duke of Clarence, his brother Richard duke of Gloucester. Viscount Bourchier (married to Edward’s aunt Isabel) is made earl of Essex. William Hastings, William Herbert, Robert Ogle and Humphrey Stafford of Southwick are all made barons.

1483

Execution of Anthony Wydeville, earl Rivers. Execution of Richard Grey.

Anthony Wydeville was the oldest son of Richard Wydeville earl Rivers and his wife Jacquetta duchess of Bedford.

In 1473, Edward IV appointed Wydeville (his brother-in-law) to the household of his son, Edward Prince of Wales. When Edward IV died, Wydeville was bringing his nephew (now Edward V) to London when he was intercepted by Richard duke of Gloucester, Edward IV’s younger brother and Protector of England.

Wydeville was arrested along with his nephew, Richard Grey, the son of queen Elizabeth Wydeville from her first marriage.

Wydeville and Grey were beheaded at Pontefract castle.

Several weeks ago, while my husband was kindly picking up a book for me from the ANU library, he ran his hand and eye over the shelves and, his phone in the other, his load increased from one book to seven. One of these, in particular, has proved invaluable to me and it has ensconced itself on my Must Have These! list.

This is A J Pollard’s North-Eastern England During the Wars of the Roses, or – as I like to call it – Nevill Heaven.

The book is divided into two parts. The first deals with matters social, political and economic, the second with the important powerbrokers of the region – the Nevills, the Percies, Richard duke of Gloucester and, finally, Henry VII.

But it isn’t just the Big Names that make this book so important, all the medium sized and little names are there as well. With, for example, a comprehensive look at the careers of various members of the Fitzhugh family, the sound of my head banging against a wall no longer rings through our little village with quite the same monotonous regularity as it once did. I have a far better understanding of the northern economy and the various uses the Big Names put their land to. Abandoned villages became deer parks became cow paddocks, for instance. And the villages were abandoned in the first place due to the collapse of the textiles industry in the north. See? I learned stuff!

The earl of Warwick’s connections across the north are nicely laid out, though complex and complicated. There were some pages I needed to read more than once, and I think I’m going to need a really BIG whteboard (bigger than the one I have) to lay out the spiderweb of networks. Which is why, even though I have the book till October, I need to have a copy of my very own.

I haven’t looked at the last three chapters in any great detail as yet (Richard of Gloucester, Richard III, Henry VII), as I’m really trying to focus on 1453-71 at the moment, but I can’t see them being any less useful than the ones I have read closely.

So, I must thank Margaret of Anjou via Helen Maurer (my husband’s Original Quest), my husband and whoever it was decided that this book needed to be in the shelves. Oh, and Pollard. This is a seriously useful and important book.

1468

Margaret of York leaves for her marriage to Charles duke of Burgundy. She rides pillion through London with the earl of Warwick.

1497

Battle of Deptford Bridge (battle of Blackheath)

I know very little about this at this stage, as I haven’t yet ventured past 23 August 1485. I shall be digging down a bit deeper once I start working on Fitzhugh.

Here’s something from wikipedia to get us started at least! I shall be revisiting this, and as many other sources as I can find, when the time comes.

1487

Battle of Stoke Field.

For a (very sketchy) look at this battle, see here.

1467

Death of Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy.

Philip is succeeded by his son, Charles count of Charolais, who the following year marries Margaret of York, sister of Edward IV of England.

Birth of Anne Nevill, younger daughter of Richard Nevill, earl of Warwick, and Anne Beauchamp, countess of Warwick.

Anne was born at Warwick Castle. She had an older sister, Isobel, and an older illegitimate half sister, Margaret.

In December 1470, Anne married Edward of Lancaster, Prince of Wales, in Amboise in France. Prince Edward was killed in May the following year at the battle of Tewkesbury.

Anne later married Richard duke of Gloucester. Anne’s wikipedia entry (which isn’t too horrific) dates this wedding at 12 July 1472, but I’m not sure if that date is solid. They had one child, a son Edward, born at Middleham c1473.

In 1483, Anne became queen of England when Richard orchestrated the overthrow of his brother’s son, Edward V. Richard and Anne were crowned on 6 July 1483 and young Edward became Prince of Wales.

Anne and Richard’s son, Edward of Middleham, died at Sheriff Hutton on 9 April 1484. Both his parents were overcome by grief.

Anne died on 16 March 1485, possibly of tuberculosis, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.